India saw 28% reduction in malaria cases a year ago

Malaria World Malaria Report Malaria deaths Malariacases india India malaria deaths Malaria cases reduce malaria rate drop india malaria reduce india

Malaria World Malaria Report Malaria deaths Malariacases india India malaria deaths Malaria cases reduce malaria rate drop india malaria reduce india

The 2018 report released previous year had also shown that Uganda accounted for 4 per cent of the world's malaria cases, making it to the top five countries responsible for almost half of all malaria cases worldwide.

Besides protecting the mother, it also protects the babies and helps prevent placental parasitaemia, low birth weight, foetal anaemia, and neonatal mortality. Even though, India was also one of the lowest funding per person at risk of being inflicted with malaria at just $0.2, it recorded a reduction of 2.6 million malaria cases in 2018 in comparison to 2017, the report stated.

More than a third of young children in sub-Saharan Africa in 2018 also did not sleep under a mosquito net, which could protect them from infection, according to the report.

The report highlighted thatPlasmodium falciparum is the most prevalent malaria parasite in the WHO African Region, accounting for 99.7% of estimated malaria cases in 2018, as well as in the WHO South-East Asia Region (50%), the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region (71%) and the WHO Western Pacific Region (65%).

According to the World Health Organization report, six African countries - Nigeria (25 per cent), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (12 per cent), Uganda (5 per cent), and Côte d'Ivoire, Mozambique and Niger (4 per cent each) - accounted for more than half of all malaria cases worldwide.

The report also shows that globally, the malaria burden a year ago was the same as that in the previous one in all other countries, apart from Uganda and India, where there were reported reductions of 1.5 and 2.6 million malaria cases, respectively.

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Malaria Consortium's Technical Director, James Tibenderana, said there is an urgent need to increase access to and use of IPTp for pregnant women in malaria-endemic countries if the world wants to come close to achieving the WHO's malaria targets over the next decade. In 2018, total funding for malaria control and elimination reached an estimated US$ 2.7 billion, falling far short of the US$ 5 billion funding target of the global strategy.

However, Uganda was named among countries with 30 per cent or less of pregnant women receiving three doses of intermittent preventive treatment pregnancy (IPTp3) in 2018. In 2018, 62% of children who were eligible for the preventive medicine benefited from it.

Integrated community management for malaria, pneumonia and diarrhoea can bridge gaps in clinical care in hard-to-reach communities, the report said.

The major burden of malaria remains heavily concentrated in Africa. According to recent country surveys, 36% of children with fever in sub-Saharan Africa do not receive any medical attention.

A global malaria case incidence of 45 per 1,000 population at risk in 2018 would have been required to get the world on target for the 2020 milestones, but current estimated incidence is 57 cases per 1000 population at risk, the report added. Bangladesh and Thailand also reported substantial decline in reported cases.

WHO's Strategic Advisory Group on Malaria Eradication has identified a renewed R&D agenda as one of the highest priorities in efforts to achieve the vision of the global strategy: a malaria-free world. He cited significant reductions in malaria cases and deaths since 2010, when case numbers fell from 239 million to 214 million in 2015, and deaths fell from 607,000 to around 500,000 in 2013. "Data is fundamental to all of our malaria projects, and we work closely with governments to build surveillance into their health systems".

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