38 people cited for violations in Hillary Clinton email probe

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A State Department investigation of Hillary Clinton's email server found that 38 people were responsible for "91 valid violations", i.e. instances of putting classified information on Clinton's non-classified private server and thereby increasing the "risk of compromise".

The report, which was released by the office of Republican Senator Chuck Grassley, found no evidence of deliberate mishandling of classified information.

As part of the State Department, almost 600 security protocol violations were uncovered, but none of the emails were marked as classified at the time they were sent and the State Department said "individuals interviews were aware of security poliices and did their best to implement them in their operations".

The report summarized an administrative review of the handling of classified information relating to Clinton's private email server used during her tenure as the nation's highest-ranking diplomat between 2009 and 2013. By the time the investigation began, numerous subjects of the probe, including Clinton and her aid circle, had left the State Department.

"Although there is evidence of potential violations of the statutes regarding the handling of classified information, our judgment is that no reasonable prosecutor would bring such a case", said Comey.

Grassley remained critical of Clinton's handling of classified information after it was revealed she had been using a private email to conduct official business when she was the top US diplomat from 2009 to 2013.

James Comey, the then-FBI director, held a news conference that year in which he criticized Clinton as "extremely careless" in her use of the private email server as secretary of state but said the Federal Bureau of Investigation would not recommend charges.

For those found culpable, the violations will be noted in their files and will be considered when applying for or renewing security clearances.

"While there were some instances of classified information being inappropriately introduced into an unclassified system in furtherance of expedience, by and large, the individuals interviewed were aware of security policies and did their best to implement them in their operations", the report read.

The AP's report notes that there "could also be some kind of disciplinary action" for officials still in government, but "it was not immediately clear what that would be".

The report states that 38 people employed at one time by the State Department had sent classified emails to Hillary Clinton's private email server and there were almost 100 violations of classification rules. Clinton was then running for president against Donald Trump, and Trump made the server a major focus of his campaign.

Clinton exchanged more than 60,000 emails on a private email account hosted on a server that she kept at her residence in NY.

In July 2015, the FBI started investigating Clinton's use of a private email server based on a reference from the general inspector of the intelligence community.

In September, after it emerged that the State Department had reportedly "intensified" its investigation and retroactively recategorized some of the emails as classified, Clinton told NowThis she believed that the investigation was a "witch hunt".

The Justice Department's inspector general also said that Federal Bureau of Investigation specialists had not found evidence that the server was hacked.

The answer: the use did increase the risk of hacking, but there was "no persuasive evidence of systemic, deliberate mishandling of classified information".