Here's why we need to talk about World AIDS Day Lifestyle

Australia approves self-testing kits in HIV prevention efforts

Australia approves self-testing kits in HIV prevention efforts

"But while a positive result will impact them significantly, they also need to know people who are diagnosed with HIV in 2018 are now expected to live lives as long and healthy as other Australians", Professor Stoové said.

Since the start of the epidemic in 1981 about 77.3 million people have become infected with HIV and 35.4 million [25.0 million-49.9 million] people have died from AIDS-related illnesses in the same period.

HIV - human immunodeficiency virus - attacks the body's natural defence system and as a result, the body can not fight infection and disease. Increases in domestic and worldwide funding, cutting-edge research and evidence-informed programmes contributed to a 42% fall in deaths from AIDS-related illnesses in this region between 2010 and 2017, as well as a 30% drop in new HIV infections.

During a press conference held on Thursday, it was outlined that the main obstacles Seychelles is facing include stigma and discrimination, and the increasing number of intravenous drug users.

But cases soon emerged among women, children and heterosexual men.

In addition, Baeten says testing and treatment have to be available to everyone.

Without treatment, the virus will get worse over time and damage your immune system, but there are three stages of HIV infection with different possible effects.

"It meant that for a lot of people, the idea of HIV that they had from the 1980s and early 90s kept on going and they weren't sort of up to date for what it mean to have HIV now or what HIV prevention meant these days", Mr Gray said.

Healthcare officials hope that as the test can be done in the comfort of one's home, this will encourage people to get tested and as a result know their HIV status.

The first day of December is celebrated as World AIDS day every year internationally to raise awareness about HIV/AIDS and to demonstrate global solidarity in the face of the pandemic.

About 53 per cent of those people were from eastern and southern Africa, while 1.8 million are children.

Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations chief executive officer Darryl O'Donnell said today's announcement will make testing easier for people considered at high-risk of acquiring HIV, like gay and bisexual men.

Some of the most positive trends have been witnessed in eastern and southern Africa, which is home to more than half of the almost 37 million people around the world living with HIV.

Dai Aoki said while it's great how far research and treatment has come, it is still important to remember those who have died and still die of the condition.

"We need to continue to reflect on and listen to people with HIV and those communities that are affected by HIV".

The 90-90-90 status is a target each country has to meet to help end the AIDS epidemic.