Vegetarian And Pescetarian Food Connected To Lesser Probability Of Coronary Heart Disease

Recent evidence suggests that very low cholesterol levels might be linked to a higher risk of hemorrhagic stroke

Recent evidence suggests that very low cholesterol levels might be linked to a higher risk of hemorrhagic stroke

Vegans and vegetarians may have a lower risk of heart disease, but a higher risk of stroke than meat-eaters, according to a new study. In those studies, there was no significant difference between vegetarians and meat eaters in stroke mortality.

After adjusting for factors like lifestyle and demographic characteristics, the researchers found a 20% higher rate of stroke among people who either began or ended the study as vegetarians compared to meat eaters.

For the study, researchers from Oxford University looked at the dietary habits and health of 48,188 adult men and women in the United Kingdom over the course of 18 years.

However, there was a 13% lower rate of heart disease among vegetarians (and fish eaters) compared to those who eat meat.

It is thought that may be due to either very low cholesterol levels or certain nutritional deficiencies.

But he said the study put "too much weight on a complex statistical method to try and correct for the fact that the vegetarians were very much healthier than meat eaters".

They added: "Vegetarian and vegan diets have become increasingly popular in recent years, partly due to perceived health benefits, as well as concerns about the environment and animal welfare".

Just over 48,000 people with no history of heart disease or stroke were part of the study. They were ten teamed into meat-eaters, pescetarians, and vegetarians including vegans.

Participants have been tracked on reasonable for 18 years and all the way through the learn about length there have been 2,820 circumstances of coronary center illness and 1,072 circumstances of stroke. This positive link may be due to the lower number of people in these categories who had high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes. It's because of fish-eaters' levels of cholesterol, which aren't as little as vegetarians.

Professor Mark Lawrence at Deakin University, Australia, suggested that the study's stroke risk should be kept in perspective.

Still, Tong emphasizes that no one should drastically change their habits based on the results of one observational study using self-reported dietary information, which by nature can only uncover trends, not prove cause and effect. There is a big limitation to the study, however, and it's that most of the participants were from the United Kingdom, meaning the results may not be applicable to populations in low-income countries where vegetarian diets are common.

"Relevance to vegetarians worldwide must also be considered".

For more on plant-based diets, Harvard University offers advice.

"It may well be that people who follow alternative diets are less likely to take blood pressure lowering medication for hypertension and as a outcome suffer a stroke", suggested Prof Tom Sanders from King's College London.

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