Red Meat And White Meat Have Equal Effects On Cholesterol

White Red Meats Equally as Bad for Cholesterol Levels- StudyCC0

White Red Meats Equally as Bad for Cholesterol Levels- StudyCC0

A study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition says white meat like chicken & turkey could raise your cholesterol just as much as eating red meat.

The bottom line is red and white meats are equal in dietary terms - lean poultry is the same as lean beef when it comes to cholesterol.

In 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer listed red meat in Group 2A: a probable carcinogen.

But a small new study calls that into question.

"Our new finding was that the level of LDL cholesterol was the same with both red meat and white meat, and that the LDL level was lower with plant-based protein", Krauss told Gizmodo by email.

It is well documented that saturated fats strengthen low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels.

Many dieticians claim that saturated fats, found in animal sources such as beef fat, butter and even poultry skin, increase the concentration of LDL in the body.

The results showed that while participants in the high-saturated fat group had more total and LDL cholesterol levels than people in the low-saturated fat group, both red and white meat raised LDL levels, regardless of how much saturated fat was in the diet.

"I was surprised that the effect of white meat on cholesterol levels was identical to the effects of red meat", said Dr Ronald Krauss, study author and director of atherosclerosis research at Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute.

Specialists from the University of California at San Francisco conducted a study involving 113 people aged 21 to 65 years.

They were given the food which was carefully put together by researchers in the lab and were not allowed to drink alcohol, take vitamins, eat processed meats or change their exercise routine during the study. The study revealed that the participants who consumed a rich saturated diet had a higher LDL cholesterol apart from those who consumed low saturated diet fat. And while small and medium-size LDL is strongly linked to a higher risk of cardiovascular disease, the relationship is weaker for large-size LDL. Volunteers had four weeks to sit on three different diets: with the consumption of red meat; chicken meat; vegetables and legumes. This, for its part, increases the risk of developing heart disease.

Plant proteins had the healthiest impact on blood cholesterol, the study results showed. That's not the case, however, with the effects caused by white and red meat described as "identical" in cases where the saturated fat levels are similar.

It's also possible that there are other factors about red meat that can affect cardiovascular health, he said.

A cooked breakfast containing "two typical British sausages" and two rashers of bacon is equivalent to 130g, the NHS advises.