Here's why this Swedish schoolgirl is nominated for Nobel peace prize

James Shaw speaks with protesters at the School Strike 4 Climate march.         Source Twitter  James Shaw

James Shaw speaks with protesters at the School Strike 4 Climate march. Source Twitter James Shaw

Three MPs for the opposition Socialist Left nominated Thunberg for the prize before the January 31 deadline, Ovstegard said, meaning her nomination is valid for the 2019 prize which will be announced on October 11.

According to a tweet by Greta Thunberg, the 16-year-old young woman who sparked the movement, there will be close to 1800 separate strikes in 112 countries today - with, one would imagine, tens of thousands of strike sites.

If she were to win, she would be the youngest recipient since Pakistan's Malala Yousafzai, who was 17 when she received the prize.

"We have nominated Greta because the climate threat may be one of the most important causes of war and conflict", parliamentary representative Freddy Andre Oevstegaard told Norwegian media outlet VG.

What are the school protests?

On Friday, thousands of students are expected to demonstrate in more than 100 countries in what activists say could be a milestone moment in a grassroots campaign to push world leaders into doing more.

The protests are part of a global movement that is demanding action from governments and politicians on climate change.

But Friday's protest is billed as the biggest so far.

Since then, she has been missing lessons most Fridays to stage her regular protests.

"For over 30 years, politicians around the world have failed to address climate change and it's now nearly too late". Any person who meets the nomination criteria is considered.

This year's Nobel Peace Prize has 304 candidates, of which 219 are individuals and 85 organisations, the Norwegian Nobel Committee reported last month.

The Nobel prizes are awarded each year on December 10, coinciding with the anniversary of the death of its founder Alfred Nobel, in a double ceremony: at the Oslo City Hall in Norway, for the Peace Prize, and in the Konserthus in Stockholm, Sweden, for the other five awards.

The names of nominators and nominees are not normally made public until 50 years have elapsed, it adds.