Pentagon sees China and Russian Federation as 'threat' to U.S. dominance in space

China claimed it successfully landed a robotic spacecraft on the far side of the moon last month the first ever such landing

China claimed it successfully landed a robotic spacecraft on the far side of the moon last month the first ever such landing

Last month, the Defense Intelligence Agency released a report about China's military capabilities, warning that the Asian country was making advances in counterspace technology that could threaten USA satellites responsible for communications, reconnaissance, Global Positioning System and early warnings of missile launches.

China operates both a regional and worldwide satellite navigation system.

If the USA really cares about the security of space, it should join China in arms control, Hua said.

While the DIA report warns Russian Federation and China pose the greatest threats to the U.S.in space, other countries are also taking aim at US dominance in space, including Iran and North Korea.

"Both states are developing jamming and cyberspace capabilities, directed energy weapons, on-orbit capabilities and ground-based antisatellite missiles that can achieve a range of reversible to non-reversible effects", said the report. "Both will continue their efforts to enhance their space and counterspace capabilities, and better integrate them into their respective militaries", the report said.

Further, both states are developing jamming and cyberspace capabilities, directed energy weapons, on-orbit capabilities and ground-based anti-satellite missiles that can achieve reversible to non-reversible effects on USA space systems.

Reacting to the report, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying said Tuesday: "First of all, I want to make it clear that outer space belongs to all mankind".

Hua also noted recent "negative moves relating to the security of outer space", such as Trump's declaration of space as a "new war-fighting domain", something that inspired him to push forward a plan to develop a sixth branch of the U.S. Armed Forces known as the Space Force. The report also accused China and Russian Federation of pushing proposals that limit the militarization of space but leave room for both countries to build counter-space weaponry.

Russian Federation and China introduced a proposal to ban the placement of weapons to the United Nations Conference on Disarmament over a decade ago in 2008. "We need to be postured to address these challenges or we do risk losing our advantages in space". "These capabilities provide their militaries with the ability to command and control their forces worldwide, and with enhanced situational awareness enabling them to monitor, track and target USA and allied forces". But Rep. Mike Rogers, then-chairman of the US House Armed Services Strategic Forces Subcommittee, told CNN in 2018 'the future of war will be fought in space.' 'Russia and China are surpassing us in space capabilities, and we need to dedicate a separate force exclusively with a space mission, ' he said.

"The number of satellites and debris on orbit will grow concurrently, making tracking satellites, discriminating threats from non-threats, and predicting and preventing collisions a greater challenge", it said.

China, for instance, is attempting to become a "space power" that's focused on exploration and defense, according to the DIA.

Space is integral to America's economic and commercial success.