NASA, NOAA: 2018 fourth warmest year on record

2018 Fourth Hottest Year On Record, Says NASA

2018 Fourth Hottest Year On Record, Says NASA

Nine of the 10 warmest years have been recorded since 2005, with the last five years comprising the five hottest.

New data confirms that 2018 was one of the warmest years the Earth has seen and temperatures will continue to rise in the years to come. "We are seeing more and more warming that is happening at a faster and faster rate".

"2018 is yet again an extremely warm year on top of a long-term global warming trend", stated Gavin Smith, director of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies. "It's because of the increases of greenhouse gases".

The past five years have been the hottest in human history.

NASA clarified that it gathers its measurements from "6,300 weather stations, ship- and buoy-based observations of sea surface temperatures, and temperature measurements from Antarctic research stations".

The text written by the USA institutions also highlighted that much of Europe, New Zealand and Middle East regions, as well as Russian Federation, recorded higher temperatures on land, while areas of the South Pacific Ocean and the North and South Atlantic also suffered maximum temperatures in the sea surface. But in the long-term, the two agencies strongly agree on the pace and trajectory of global warming.

Global surface temperatures have risen by about 2 degrees Fahrenheit since 1880. But it was short-lived, and the rest of the country has been unusually warm, which has kept the national average well above normal for January.

"We're no longer talking about a situation where global warming is something in the future", said Schmidt.

Higher temperatures in the Arctic and Antarctic regions is of particular concern for scientists for several reasons. "That's a clear upward signal".

The understanding of why those trends are occurring is also very robust.

Weather dynamics often affect regional temperatures, so not every region on Earth experienced similar amounts of warming. Deathly record lows are real in the U.S., but don't be fooled by the cooling that we have been witnessing, global warming is real also.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) each published global climate results that name 2018 as the fourth warmest year the Earth has endured in at least 139 years. The following year, 2017, is ranked as the second warmest.

A 2018 NOAA map shows where average temperatures were higher than usual.

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The November report warned that climate change will intensify over the century without swift emissions cuts. Record levels of man-made greenhouse gas emissions, mainly from burning fossil fuels, trap ever more heat.

WMO also released a report on Wednesday that the globally averaged temperature in 2018 was about 0.38 degrees Celsius above the 1981 to 2010 long-term average.

Trump has vowed to pull out of the 2015 Paris agreement forged by almost 200 countries, including the U.S. The pact sets a goal of keeping global warming "well below" 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit over pre-industrial levels, a threshold meant to avert the most devastating and irreversible effects of climate change.

"The planet is warming".

NASA and NOAA climate scientists said even though 2018 was a tad cooler than the three previous years that's mostly due to random weather variations.