Three Eerie Fish Species Unearthed From The Extreme Depths Of The Pacific

Atacama snailfish. Credit Newcastle University

Atacama snailfish. Credit Newcastle University

Researchers have discovered a new deep-sea fish used to pressure so high it would melt if it were brought up to the surface.

An global team consisting of 40 scientists from 17 nations embarked on an expedition to search deep in the ocean with their camera and other necessary equipment.

For now, the three new species have placeholder names and are the pink, the blue, and the purple Atacama Snailfish.

Provisional data indicate that there are three new species related to the family of the snailfish of the Marianas (or slugs of the Liparidaefamily ), whose first specimens were discovered in the Mariana Trench.

"These fish are piece of the Liparidae family and assemble now not conform to the preconceived stereotypical image of what a deep-sea fish might possibly merely silent analysis esteem", England's Newcastle University, which joined the expedition, wrote in a recordsdata assertion Monday. Instead of menacing jaws and a hefty frame, the three types of fish found are small, translucent and have no scales to speak of.

While they may be small, they feed easily on invertebrate prey in the extreme depths of the ocean. "They seem to be quite active and look very well-fed".

Footage captured by the Newcastle University team of the feeding habits of deep sea fish in the Atacama Trench, Pacific Ocean. In addition to being "surprisingly active" as Linley put it, the snailfish are just plain weird, bereft of scales with beady little eyes and gelatinous bodies held together by the vast pressure of the water. Their gelatinous structure means they are perfectly adapted to living at extreme pressure and in fact the hardest structures in their bodies are the bones in their inner ear which give them balance and their teeth. The fish must have extreme pressure and cold to live and reportedly melt rapidly when brought to the surface. They can adapt to extreme pressure easily.

The lander is basically an innovative trap equipped with lure, screens and submerged cameras - would take four hours to fall the distance to the base of the sea, nearly five miles somewhere down in a few regions of the Atacama Trench, off the shoreline of Peru and Chile. Apart from snailfish, they also found various freaky creatures in the environment such as long-legged isopods or Munnopsids. More than 100 hours of video and 11,468 photographs were taken at the seabed. They also have an odd swimming pattern, as they swim backwards and upside-down. The snailfish discovery will be featured at the Challenger Conference 2018 at Newcastle University. Then - using paddles on their sides - they propel themselves to do a flip and land on the bottom of the ocean with their long legs spread out like a spider.