Air pollution linked to diabetes, India at greater risk: Lancet

Air pollution causes nearly 15,000 cases of type 2 diabetes in UK each year, study suggests

Air pollution causes nearly 15,000 cases of type 2 diabetes in UK each year, study suggests

Al-Aly said the research, published in the Lancet Planetary Health, found an increased risk even with levels of air pollution now considered safe by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the World Health Organization (WHO).

The first research to quantify the contribution of air pollution to the disease finds that tiny particulates from vehicle exhausts, wood burning and industry are costing United Kingdom citizens a total 31,800 years of healthy life a year - and causing 14,900 new cases of type 2 diabetes a year.

Globally, the researchers estimated that pollution contributed to 3.2 million new diabetes cases in 2016, which represents about 14 percent of all new cases. Most of the industry lobbying groups discuss that the current levels are simply too high and is increasing every day.

Anything less than 10 micrometers cannot only enter the lungs, it can pass into the bloodstream, where it is carried to various organs and begins a chronic inflammatory reaction thought to lead to disease. Health concerns and diseases, including morbidity-contributing illnesses such as heart and kidney disease, stroke, and cancer, have also been linked to these levels of air pollution.

While obesity, lack of exercise and genetic risk are major drivers for diabetes, studies have shown a link between the disease and pollution.

Researchers working with scientists at the Veterans Affairs' Clinical Epidemiology Center, examined data from 1.7 million USA veterans who did not have histories of diabetes and were followed for a median of 8.5 years. "All this indicates that these standards need to change", said Ziad al-Ali (Ziyad Al-Ali) at the University of Washington in St. Louis (USA).

In the United States, the number of diabetics exceeds 30 million, and in the world - 420 million people.

In diabetes, pollution reduces insulin production and triggers inflammation, preventing the body from converting blood glucose into energy that the body needs to maintain health. "Air pollution could explain diabetes in patients who otherwise follow a healthy lifestyle", said diabetes expert Dr Anoop Misra of Fortis".

Over 3 million people in Britain were diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. This study attributed that 150,000 new cases a year are linked to air pollution. Wealthier countries such as France, Finland and Iceland faced a low risk.

"This is a very well-done report, very believable, and fits well with this emerging knowledge about the impacts of air pollution on a series of chronic diseases", Landrigan said. They also estimate that 8.2 million years of healthy life were lost in 2016 due to pollution-linked diabetes, representing about 14 percent of all healthy years lost due to diabetes of any cause. That's 15 times more deaths than all wars and violence combined and three times more than malaria, tuberculosis and AIDS combined. Children, it said, are especially vulnerable, even to low-dose exposure.