Google’s doodle remembers Apgar Score and its creator Virginia Apgar

Virginia Apgar would have been 101 on Thursday

Virginia Apgar would have been 101 on Thursday

This prompted the fiercely passionate physician to develop her score, which has a range of zero to ten based on a tot's condition.

Apgar was born on June 7, 1909 in Westfield, N.J., and died August 7, 1974.

The American anesthesiologist would have been celebrating her 109th birthday. She was raised in Westfield, New Jersey in the United States. She is known for her work in the fields of anaesthesiology and teratology, a field related to anesthesia (loss of sensation), anesthetics and the study of abnormalities of psychological development in newly-born babies babies.

Her contributions are even more noteworthy as she did her research and inventions at a time when women were discouraged to pursue higher education in medicine.

Dr. Apgar developed the test after noticing that, even though the general USA infant mortality rate fell between the 1930s and 1950s, it remained constant for babies within the first day of life. The test is carried out within five minutes of birth and it takes about a minute to judge if the infant needs any immediate medical attention. She attended Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons, and in 1933, she graduated fourth in her class before completing a residency in surgery at P&S in 1937. An Apgar Score between 4 and 6 may mean some medical intervention is needed. She received a master's degree in public health from Johns Hopkins University in 1959, and was a director at the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, which is know known as the March of Dimes. She did so and, at 29, she became the sole practicing anesthetist at Columbia until the mid-1940s.

She also co-wrote the 1972 book "Is My Baby All Right?" which explained the causes and treatment of common birth defects. In her personal life, Apgar kept herself busy with work, and she never married or had children.

In her last years, Apgar developed progressive liver cirrhosis. The score, which has a scale of 0-2, helps in gauging the health of a newborn by taking into cognizance the basic functions of the body like heart rate, muscles' tone, respiration patterns, reflex, etc. and provides a result immediately thereafter.

Apgar died in 1974.

Apart from music, she nurtured her garden and also enjoyed collecting stamps.