What has been achieved in 10 years since Closing the Gap pledge?

Former Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd speaks at the National Press Club in Canberra Monday Feb. 12 2018. Rudd committed Australia to reducing the difference in life expectancies between Aboriginal and non-indigenous people on Feb. 13 2008 when

Former Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd speaks at the National Press Club in Canberra Monday Feb. 12 2018. Rudd committed Australia to reducing the difference in life expectancies between Aboriginal and non-indigenous people on Feb. 13 2008 when

The Federal Government will table the tenth annual "Closing the Gap" report in Parliament today.

Australian aboriginal elders perform a smoking ceremony.

A decade ago, Australia embarked on an ambitious roadmap to uplift its indigenous people, who have trailed the rest of the population in nearly every social and economic indicator.

An increase in cancer deaths among the indigenous people frustrated government's efforts, the report found.

A bid to close the 10-year gap in life expectancy between indigenous and non-indigenous Australians by 2031 is also behind schedule.

It comes a decade after then prime minister Kevin Rudd apologised to indigenous Australians, once administered under flora and fauna laws, for the atrocities committed against them. On track are the targets of halving the gap in year 12 attainment rates by 2020; halving the gap in child mortality by 2018; and ensuring that 95% of Indigenous four-year-olds were enrolled in early childhood education by 2025.

There are about 700,000 aboriginal Australians in a population of 23 million, dating back about 50,000 years before the British arrived in the 18th century.

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull described the report as "promising", acknowledging several measures were behind target. "Governments must be the enabler of this success".