New study finds male dominance in Hollywood unchanged

Noam Galai  WireImage Rich Fury  Getty Images

Noam Galai WireImage Rich Fury Getty Images

During Sunday night's Golden Globes, the most powerful women in Hollywood donned black in support of Time's Up, a new initiative created to address pay disparity, discrimination and harassment in the industry in the wake of the #MeToo movement.

For women in Hollywood, the path to success has too often been marred by explicit sexual commentary, unwanted groping and other uncomfortable advances from male colleagues and superiors who vastly outnumber them across the entertainment industry.

And neither are the results of the annual Celluloid Ceiling study via The Hollywood Reporter, the Center for the Study of Women in Television and Film at San Diego State University which found that, of the 250 top-grossing films, only 18 per cent of directors, writers, producers, executive producers, editors and cinematographers were female.

Just 1 percent of 2017's top 250 films employed 10 or more women in the above-mentioned roles, while 70 percent of films employed 10 or more men, the data showed.

Women made up only 18 percent of all the directors, writers, producers, executive producers, editors, and cinematographers on 2017's top 250 films - a percentage that has remained nearly constant since the study began in 1998.

Women fared based as producers, accounting for 25% of those jobs; women represented 19% of executive producers; 16% of writers; 11% of directors and 4% of cinematographers. Last week, 300 prominent women in Hollywood unveiled a high-powered campaign called Time's Up that is created to demand change and provide a legal defense fund for women who have suffered sexual harassment or assault at work. For example, on films with female directors, women comprised 68 percent of writers. Slightly less than one-third employed zero or only one woman in these roles, while none of the movies employed zero or only one man.

Women made up 11 percent of directors in 2017, an increase of 4 percentage points from seven percent in 2016 but even with the level achieved in 2000. In 1998, the same calculation of behind-the-scenes jobs for women was 17 percent.

The Celluloid Ceiling has tracked women's employment on top grossing films for the last 20 years.

Among the top female directors of 2017 were Patty Jenkins (Wonder Woman), Sofia Coppola (The Beguiled), Greta Gerwig (Lady Bird), Dee Rees (Mudbound) and Niki Caro (The Zookeeper's Wife).

Additionally, the four percentage point rise in films directed by women in 2017 compared with 2016 was largely due to the low numbers registered that previous year.

Take a look at which films directed by women are on this list, unadjusted for inflation.