Global Hunger Index: India down 45 ranks since 2014, situation 'serious'

With a global hunger index score of 31.4 India is at the high end of the “serious” category the report said

With a global hunger index score of 31.4 India is at the high end of the “serious” category the report said

"Only three other countries in this year's GHI - Djibouti, Sri Lanka, and South Sudan - have data or estimates showing child wasting above 20 percent in the latest period (2012-16)".

On India, the report said that the country's top 1% own more than 50% of its wealth, India is the world's second largest food producer, yet it is also home to the second highest population of under-nourished in the world.

Grappling with a "serious" hunger problem, India has been ranked 100th among 119 developing countries on the Global Hunger Index (GHI), behind North Korea, Bangladesh and even the besieged Iraq, but ahead of Pakistan, according to a report. Among other three parameters used for identifying GHI, the report finds that in the prevalence of stunting in children under five years, there is a sharp decline in India from 1990-94, which it was 61.9%, to 38.4% in 2012-16. In fact, the percentage of wasting children has gone up from 20.0% in 1990-94 to 21.0% in 2012-16.

The report further said that India's poor score is one of the main factors pushing South Asia to the category of the worst performing region on the GHI scale this year. The index shows that more than a fifth of Indian children under the age of five are malnourished and weigh too little for their height, reported the Business Standard.

India ties with the countries like Djibouti and Rwanda for the 100th rank, and with a score of 31.4 of 100 (with 0 being best and 100 the worst), India's 2017 GHI falls at the high end of the "serious" category.

India's rank of 100 is lower than even its poorer neighbours such as Nepal (72), Bangladesh (88), Sri Lanka (84) and Myanmar (77).

But the country has made progress in other areas, the report said.

The GHI, now in its 12th year, ranks countries based on four key indicators - undernourishment, child mortality, child wasting and child stunting.

India has slipped 45 ranks in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) since 2014. "The improvement on the child stunting rate shows that children are born in a better condition than before".

Despite the government two national programmes on nutrition, the Integrated Child Development Service and the National Health Mission, India's low rank make it evident that the initiative failed to reach the mass.

Sharing some good news, the statement said, "The level of hunger in developing countries decreased by 27 per cent since 2000".